ARTICLE I - NAME
The name of the organization is the International Association for
Group Psychotherapy and Group Processes, IAGP. It is a professional,
incorporated, non-profit organization, registered for that purpose under
the number CHE-110.173.396, according to Swiss Civil Code Article 60
ff., in the Commercial Register of the Kanton Thurgau, Kreuzlingen,
ARTICLE II - PURPOSE
A. The purpose of the Association is to encourage
internationally the development and study of group psychotherapy
and group processes as applied to:
Scientific studies, and
The IAGP promotes professional cross fertilization of ideas and
practices from different cultures, disciplines and
methodologies. The Association realizes its purpose without any
B. The purpose as stated in A. will be applied within a
framework of the values and conditions of the United Nations’
Charter of Human Rights, applied with the aim of strengthening
egalitarian and democratic developments in social welfare and
health care internationally, throughout the world.
ARTICLE III - MEMBERSHIP
Individual membership is
available to professionals interested in the practice,
the teaching or the research in group psychotherapy and
group process, whose application for membership has been
approved by the Membership Committee according to
membership is available to interested persons enrolled
in qualified training programs in group psychotherapy
and group process.
individual membership, as defined in the corresponding
part of the Policies and Procedures.
is available to associations engaged in group
psychotherapy and group process.
Life membership is available
to individual members who pay their dues by means of a
lump sum determined by the Board of Directors in order
to cover future life membership.
Membership of the IAGP
organization is not to be considered as a credential,
and membership cannot be presented as evidence of
ARTICLE IV - FELLOWSHIP
The title of Distinguished
Fellow of the IAGP shall be bestowed upon those members
who have offered exceptionally outstanding service to
IAGP and to the fields of group psychotherapy and group
The title of Fellow of the
IAGP shall be bestowed upon members of the IAGP who have
fulfilled criteria of meritorious service and leadership
in IAGP and other related organizations.
ARTICLE V - FEES AND DUES
The Board of Directors determines the dues for Membership and
the fees for Organizational Affiliation, and the procedures for
membership and affiliation. To comply with the Swiss Civil Code,
and in the absence of actual decisions about the specified level
of dues and fees, they shall be CHF 200 to ensure that IAGP has
sufficient minimum funds.
Members shall only be liable for
the Association’s debts and liabilities to the amount of their
dues and fees for affiliation, respectively. Accordingly, for
debts of the Association, the Association’s assets shall be the
only funds liable.
Furthermore, the lump sum determined by the Board of Directors
for life membership takes care of such dues once and for all.
Individual Membership or Organizational Affiliation will be
terminated by the Executive Management Group, EMG, on behalf of
the Board of Directors, when fees are not paid within a year of
becoming due. Notice of such pending termination will be given
six months before termination occurs.
ARTICLE VI- MAIN LEVELS OF ORGANISATION OF IAGP
Governance of the Association rests in the following parts
1. The General Assembly of Members, GA, is the overriding
structure, which has the ultimate responsibility, and the
overarching decision-making authority, and directs the
organization and its current affairs, elects members of the Board of Directors and the members of its
Management Group. The GA also elects the chairperson
of the Ethics and Professional Standards Committee. Ordinary General Assemblies for the overall government of the
organization, and for elections of its administration, will be
called for in conjunction with the International Congresses
arranged by, or sponsored by, IAGP. Such International
Congresses of IAGP shall be scheduled at three year intervals if
possible. The membership of the GA can also meet,
physically or virtually, at specific extra meetings, called for
by the Board of Directors, or by 20 % or more of the membership
with voting rights, according to what is regulated in Articles
VII and VIII. At the triennial GA there shall be one
report each from the President, the Treasurer, from one Auditor
and the Committees.
The Board of Directors, which is
responsible for the IAGP work and affairs between GA
meetings, has a maximum of 32 members, all of whom have a
single vote on the Board. It comprises:
a) the Executive Management Group, the Chairs of Sections
and the Chairperson of CAOA, all of whom are elected
directly by the General Assembly
b) General Board members, also elected directly by the
General Assembly, and from whom the Board will
appoint Chairs of the Finance Committee, the Membership
Committee, the Education Committee, the Fellowship Committee
and the Governance and Bylaws Committee.
The Chair of the Nominating Committee (elected by the Board from
outside the Board) and the Chair of the Ethics and Professional
Standards Committee (elected directly by the General Assembly)
do not become Board members. Chairs of Ad Hoc Committees
(appointed by the EMG) may or may not be board members.
The Board of Directors will meet
physically twice a year, preferably in connection with
particular scientific programs chosen. It can, in addition, also
work in virtual meetings according to Article IX. Previous
Presidents are permanently invited to join the Board meetings as
3. The Executive Management Group, EMG, a constituent
part of the Board, consists of the six leading IAGP officials,
as specified in Article VII: the President, the Vice
President, the Secretary, the Treasurer, the Senior Executive
Member and the Young Professionals’ Executive Member. They
have, individually and together, as the EMG,
responsibility for performing the ongoing, daily affairs of the
organization between Board meetings as specified in Article VII.
4. The Committees with their chairpersons and steering
assemblies as specified in Article XI
5. The Sections, with their respective chairpersons and
coordinating committees as specified in Article XII.
ARTICLE VII- LEADING POSTS OF RESPONSIBILITY, THEIR ELECTION AND
ELECTION OF BOARD MEMBERS
Official Leading Posts are the President, the Vice
President, the Secretary, the Treasurer, the
Senior Executive Member and the Young Professionals’
Executive Member. They are all full voting members of the
Board of Directors and constitute, together, the Executive
Management Group of the Board. A quorum for decisions
in the EMG consists of not less than three participating
A. The President is the
Executive Official of the IAGP and shall, as a rule, chair Board
meetings and meetings in the EMG, unless there is a
meeting or a specific issue that requires an independent
chairperson, such as obvious risks from conflicts of interest,
according to Article X below. The President leads,
directs and promotes the ongoing work of the Association on
behalf of its members, in close cooperation with the rest of the
Executive Management Group. When votes are tied, during
decision-making of the Board or its EMG, the President or
the actual Chairperson has the Casting Vote.
B. The Vice President has a competence equivalent
to that of the President. He or she stands in as Acting
President, upon decision by the EMG, during shorter, and
more occasional, absences of the President that prevent him/her
from performing his/her duties. The Vice President has
independent responsibility for primary planning and negotiating
the next upcoming International IAGP congress and for other
Board defined tasks, all in close co-operation within the EMG.
If the President becomes indefinitely absent from and not able
to exert his/her office, the Board of Directors may promote the
Vice President to President of IAGP for the rest
of the mandate period.
C. The Senior Executive Member is elected, in
general membership elections for the administration, from the
ranks of either the immediate past president of
the organization or other IAGP past presidents
or from other similarly experienced and highly
trusted members of the association, who have successfully served
in official roles of the organization. The Senior Executive
Member has full voting rights in the Board and the EMG
and will have some specific independent responsibilities as
designated by the Executive Management Group or the Board.
D. The Young Professionals’ Member of the Board, and its
EMG, is also the Chairperson of the Young Professionals’
Section of the organization, elected as such by the membership
of IAGP in general membership elections for the administration.
The Young Professionals’ Member has full voting rights
and may have some specified responsibilities within the EMG
as designated by the Board or its EMG.
E. The Secretary shall maintain
the records of the association and be responsible for the
framework of communications and its maintenance, including
maintaining the online archives, among them the special archive
containing Policies and Procedures Manual – as
specified in ARTICLE XIII - and shall perform such other duties
as assigned by the Board of Directors and its EMG.
F. The Treasurer shall have
custody of IAGP funds and shall maintain full and adequate
records of all transactions with records available for
inspection as required by EMG members, directors and
other inspectors and auditors and also for inspection in
accordance with its Non-profit Status under the Swiss Civil
The Treasurer shall manage IAGP funds in
such banks as chosen by the Board of Directors.
By resolution, the Board shall determine
additional signatories and other conditions for
disbursements of IAGP monies.
The Treasurer may be required to give
bond for faithful discharge of duties in such amount and
with such securities as the Board of Directors may require
and present, as specified in Article VI, mom. 1, at the
regular General Assembly meetings, a report containing
accounts approved by one Auditor.
The Treasurer, assisted by the Finance
Committee, as specified in Article XI, shall also initiate
the EMG and the Board, commissioning a book keeper to
keep the books, an Accountant and Audit in agreement with
demands in Swiss Civil Code Article 69 b.
G. Conditions for election and for
re-election. The candidates for election to an Official
Leading Post and to membership of the Board, shall represent, as
much as possible, the diversity of the IAGP membership
as-a-whole. It is highly desirable that more than one
candidate for each individual post shall be available in
general elections of the administration.
Any individual member of IAGP
is eligible for election to the Board.
Each term of office shall be for three
years with maximum uninterrupted tenure of two terms in
succession that is for six years.
After the maximum tenure of
six years a Board member is not eligible to be elected for a
new term as Board member again until a three-year interval
After serving three years, any Board
member and EMG member can be elected immediately for
a post on the EMG or, conversely, a member of the
EMG can immediately stand for general membership of the
H. The Nominations Committee
is, in the first instance, responsible for, gathering a list of
vacancies for the next election, and further for collecting
nominations and selecting appropriate persons, for preparing
candidate lists for general elections of the IAGP administration
and reporting these lists to the Board for further handling (see
more below in Article XI, Committees!)
ARTICLE VIII- MEETINGS & DECISION MAKING
Meetings in the Executive Management Group, the Board of
Directors, the Committees and the Sections as well as General
Assembly meetings and elections, are organized primarily as
face-to-face meetings. This is the preferred form of
meeting, when possible, being the more established format.
face-to-face meeting may, in addition, have virtual
participation from a minority of members with voting
privileges, provided sufficient, professionally valid, technical
arrangements can be made. Proxy voting by absent members
with full voting rights may also be used.
C. Decisions can also be made during
virtual meetings, using dependable electronic and
computer-aided technologies. Virtually aided decisions can, when
carefully selected and prepared, be a good enough alternative to
postponing pending decisions for too long
The aforementioned decision alternatives may be used in one
way or another, provided that all applicable following
measures are fulfilled:
The frames and techniques used, strictly
and carefully follow written instructions from the
Governance and Bylaws Committee, appointed by the Board.
These instructions are to be found as mandatory addenda
to the Bylaws and are continuously amended and updated.
All decisions are made in accordance with
this Constitution and Bylaws and the Policies and
Procedures Manual as stated in ARTICLE XIII -
Any decision is carefully written up
in minutes and the minutes found correct by the
Chairperson and the deciding assembly.
Any decision arrived at through virtual
means, is ratified, when and if so demanding, at the
earliest available, following, face-to-face meeting.
Any assembly using internet-aided
decision-making also has regularly occurring face-to-face
meetings, where a quorum of assembly members is present.
E. Decisions according to this Article
presupposes that a necessary quorum for valid decision making
is maintained – quorum in the meaning of amount of participating
voters compared to the total amount of members with voting
In a General Assembly meeting of no less
than 20% of the individual and/or organizational
members with the right to vote.
In a Board of Director’s meeting of no
less than 33% of its membership with privilege of
In the Executive, in Section and
Committee meetings of no less than 50 % of the voting
membership of the assembly in question. In the EMG the
quorum thus is 3 voters.
Decisions according to this Article are valid provided that
written necessary information, needed for proper conduct of a
decision, is sent out through the appropriate channels:
Minimum four weeks before General
Assemblies and before decision-making and elections
involving the general membership,
Minimum two weeks before Board of
Directors meetings or decision making,
Minimum one week before decisions
in other decision making instances.
Each individual member has the right to vote in IAGP
decisions and assemblies, provided that they have fully
paid their dues. The designated representative of an
affiliated organization also has voting rights provided that
the organizational membership fees have been fully paid. It is
the responsibility of the EMG to maintain the
prescription of these voting rights.
ARTICLE IX - DUTY OF INFORMATION
Active democratic participation in the organization pre-supposes
free access to relevant information about facts and developments
within, and between, different parts and holders of different
posts of the IAGP. In this way every member has a principal
Duty of Information, applied throughout the organization
concerning matters of general importance to the membership as a
Confidentiality shall only be applied in the
A. Facts and
information about on-going, sensitive negotiations or planning
work. After due conclusion the duty to inform others in the
organization returns again. This point concerns economic,
scientific, ethical and a variety of other material to be
specified, in the last instance, by the Board of Directors
and/or the General Assembly.
Facts and information about
personal circumstances which have to be confidential in order to
protect individual integrity. This applies, among other similar
examples, to interviews performed by the Nominating Committee
prior to making decisions for official lists of candidates.
Confidentiality will also cover
sensitive information regarding cases of complaints about
maltreatment and malpractice brought to the knowledge of the
Ethics Committee and the Board, during processing the material,
before official recommendations for action are made.
Facts and information obtained in
confidence in experiential endeavours – e.g. small and large
groups, workshops - during training, conferences and seminars
arranged by, or sponsored by, the IAGP in accordance with the
Policies and Procedures Manual.
ARTICLE X - RISK OF CONFLICT OF INTEREST DURING DECISION-MAKING
Notwithstanding demands in the Swiss Civil Code Article 68
section 1, that states that “Each member is by law excluded
from voting on any resolution concerning a transaction or
dispute between him or her, his or her spouse or lineal relative
on the one hand and the association on the other” the
following shall also be taken into account:
If a member of
a decision making assembly of the IAGP can be expected to have a
greater than negligible personal gain from a
decision about a specific issue – or if a close relative or
beloved one, or close friend, can gain similarly – then that
member shall not take any active participation in negotiations
or voting about that issue. The same restriction shall be
applied to anybody chairing the meeting when working with such
an issue or writing the official protocol for it.
of a conflict of interest shall be considered in all IAGP
decision making throughout, if necessary also leading to legal
consultation before taking part in debates and
decision-making. It is everybody’s personal responsibility to
keep this in mind, especially for those chairing decision
does not concern election campaigning for one’s own
candidacy for posts in the organization’s administration, nor
does it concern voting by ballot for one’s own candidacy in its
ARTICLE XI - COMMITTEES
Appointments are made by the Board of Directors after
proposals from the President and the Executive Management Group,
unless otherwise specified.
occur between meetings of the Board, they will be filled, upon
suggestions from the President, by appointment by the EMG,
informing the Board within four weeks. If vacancies among the
Chairpersons of the Nominating Committee, the Government and
Bylaws Committee or the Ethics and Professional Standards
Committee occur between GA meetings, they will be filled for the
rest of the mandate period upon suggestions from the EMG, by
appointment from the Board, reported to the GA membership within
NOMINATING COMMITTEE, NC
The NC will, from information
they have got about vacancies to be filled in the next
a list of candidates for the Official Leading Posts and
To the extent possible,
seek out a wide array of nominations representative of
countries, regions, cultures and specialties of group
psychotherapy and group process frames of reference and,
In a balanced list, be
striving to find more than one candidate for each
Official Post and,
this list to the outgoing Board of Directors for their
review and approval by majority vote.
list of candidates will, upon approval, be presented by
the Board, to the membership in a minimum of four weeks
before the election.
NC chairperson is elected by the Board of
Directors. The elected Chairperson, in consultation
with the EMG, selects four more committee
members, two from the membership and two from the Board
of Directors to form the NC. All members of the
Nominating Committee shall be experienced members of the
Association, since three years or more, also having good
and rich knowledge of the membership of IAGP.
This committee consists of the EMG plus five more
members from the country where the next IAGP
International congress is to be held. Presiding
officials for the Pre-congress and Congress will also be
members of the COC. The COC will be
responsible for choosing responsible leadership,
negotiating overall conditions for the endeavor with
special regard to national law and other relevant
conditions, and convey relevant authority for the
congress leadership in order to support them to
establish a Local Organizing Committee, Scientific
Program Committee and other needed structures, which
will all be cooperating closely with the IAGP COC
SITE SELECTION COMMITTEE,
The Committee has a main task of finding a site for the
next International IAGP congress with the best
conditions for serving the varied interests and frames
of reference among the IAGP membership and in accordance
with its overriding aims. The Vice President is the
chairperson of the committee. The Vice President shall
appoint other members of this committee with the consent
of the EMG.
MEMBERSHIP AND RECRUITMENT COMMITTEE, MC.
The committee shall submit to the Board of Directors
any measures facilitating the development of the
membership and implement them after approval. It shall
review both individual and organizational membership
applications and submit them to the Board for approval.
The chairperson will be appointed by the Board. The
chairperson will select committee members from the
Sections, from Affiliate Organizations and the
individual membership, the number to be at the
discretion of the chairperson, and the committee, as
much as possible, representative of the membership
GOVERNANCE AND BYLAWS
The GBLC committee will have as its main task the
study and the review of the actual ongoing application
of the current bylaws, to formulate and review binding
procedures and guidance rules regarding decision
making, voting and other effects of the Bylaws - on the
background of ongoing dynamics and other developmental
processes in the Association.
The Committee has a Chairperson, who is elected by the
Board of Directors, upon suggestions by the NC.
The GBLC committee shall have four more members,
two from the Board of directors, and two from the
general membership, promoted by the GBLC
chairperson, after consultations with the Board.
The GBLC chairperson, or a member of the committee, may
also act as Parliamentarian, supervising rules of
order of discussion and voting at Board meetings upon
the call of the President or the presiding Board member.
FINANCE COMMITTEE, FC.
The Finance Committee is responsible
for assisting the Treasurer and the EMG with managing
the finances of IAGP in accordance with the goals of the
organization and in accordance with its non-profit
status under the Swiss Civil Code.
Finance Committee is to help develop and monitor the
budget established by the Treasurer and the
Executive and approved by the Board.
should also assist the Treasurer, the Board and the
EMG with making decisions about investment
and other matters to do with the financial concerns
of the organization.
Finance Committee shall also assist the Treasurer,
initiating, and the EMG and the Board, deciding on
appointing the Auditor, an Accountant and a
book-keeper to ensure that the organization
maintains financial policies and recordings in
accordance with its goals, non-profit status and
Swiss Civil Code. This is also further specified in
the Policies and Procedures Manual according to
In order to ensure
continuity the Finance Committee shall consist of a
minimum of two members, preferably, but not limited to,
a former Treasurer and a former Finance Committee
member. Members should be able to show an ability to
engage with issues of managing the finances of the IAGP.
ETHICS AND PROFESSIONAL
STANDARDS COMMITTEE, EthC.
The task of the Ethics Committee is
to promote the development of and respect for ethical
behavior in IAGP endeavors and government. More
To consider complaints and
ethical issues brought to its attention;
recommend statements and other actions for the EMG.
led in its making recommendations by the mandate stated
in the IAGP Ethical Guidelines and Professional
Practices for Group Psychotherapy.
submit to the approval of the Board of Directors and to
the vote of the membership changes in the Guidelines in
order to keep them up-to-date with current thinking in
the professional communities.
develop and keep updated, as a separate document,
Ethical guidelines for Organizational and group Process
EthC reports on its general, overall work to the
General Assembly, but makes recommendations, in specific
cases or issues, to the Board of Directors.
reports the Ethics Committee shall apply
what is stated before in Article IX with regard to Duty
of Information and of exceptions for confidentiality.
The Committee shall have
one Chairperson plus two more ordinary members, all
three elected by the General Assembly in ordinary
elections for IAGP administration. All three shall be
highly experienced professionals, members of IAGP since
more than three years. In actual, specific, cases of
complaints the EthC can co-opt more members with special
competence – be they legal, methodological or cultural
etcetera - relating to needs arising from the case being
COMMITTEE, EDUC C.
IAGP sponsors projects and workshops in countries or
areas where educational facilities and training in group
processes and concepts are underprovided or lacking.
The Education Committee is
an umbrella committee that insures consistent standards
for workshops and projects offered by IAGP co-operation
with the local group and the IAGP Section, Task Force or
Committee. It is responsible
for coordinating and developing curricula and appointing
the staff team for each project run by or sponsored by
IAGP. It has a Chairperson elected by the
Board of Directors on proposals by the EMG.
The Chairperson, in cooperation with the EMG
and the Board of Directors selects further members of
the Committee to work with him/her.
The Fellowship Committee will make decisions about
recommendations to the Executive Management Group in
order for them to appoint Distinguished Fellows and
Fellows of IAGP. The Fellowship Committee has a
Chairperson or Co-chairpersons, elected by the Board of
Directors and further committee members according to the
discretion of the leadership of the committee.
CONSULTATIVE ASSEMBLY OF
ORGANIZATIONAL AFFILIATES (CAOA)
The CAOA will consist of all presidents or other
official representatives of the said, and duly paid-up,
organizations. It will convene at each International
IAGP congress or more frequently if desired. The
chairperson of the Assembly will be a member of the
Board of Directors, elected to the Chair role of CAOA by
the general IAGP membership in GA election. The
President of IAGP has a standing invitation to take part
in meetings of the CAOA.
Can be appointed for certain, specified purposes by
the EMG, informing the Board within four weeks.
ARTICLE XII - SECTIONS
The Board may, at its discretion establish temporary or
continuing Sections based on specialized interest. Action to
create a Section may be initiated by an application to the Board
from twenty-five (25) paid-up members who subscribe to the
following principles and conditions:
Any proposal for a new Section should
submit evidence that it would significantly increase the
membership of IAGP
In full conformity with the IAGP
Constitution and Bylaws, Sections must adopt an identical
set of Operating Regulations and elect/select a
Coordinating Committee. The Chairperson of every Section
will be a Board member with voting rights, elected as such
by the whole IAGP membership. Other Board members, including
EMG members, can certainly be Section members but
preferably should not serve on the Section’s Coordinating
Each Section will be open to all paid-up
individual IAGP members without imposition of special
requirements or training qualifications. There will be only
one class of Section membership. Affiliated organizations
cannot as such be considered members of a Section.
The Section Coordinating Committee
will submit to the Board an annual report of membership,
budget and activities. Sections will not create publications
or virtual contact lists that incur any cost to IAGP without
agreement from the Board.
The viability of each Section is
reconsidered by the Board of Directors every three (3)
The present – in 2016 – sections
Family Therapy Section
Analytic Group Section
(Formerly Group Analytic Section)
present – in 2016 – IAGP also has several Task Forces, as listed
below. The Chair of each Task Force may be a Board member, but
is not required to be.
Task force for Trauma/Disaster
Five Regional Task Forces for
These lists will be kept updated by the EMG in dialogue
with the Board of Directors.
ARTICLE XIII - APPLICATION DIRECTIVES
order to support and carry into real effect the IAGP
Constitution and Bylaws, the Board of Directors has the
responsibility to decide any accompanying directives and their
application, when, and if, needed. These shall be kept together
in a separate archive, entitled Policies and Procedures
Items included in the Policies and
Procedures Manual are mandatory and binding for
activities and decisions, secondary and in consequence with
Articles of the Constitution and Bylaws.
The Policies and Procedures Manual
constitutes the First Addition to the Articles of the
Bylaws, and shall be open and accessible to anyone
interested in the same manner as the actual Bylaws.
Each item of this Manual shall include
statements about which Bylaw article or articles it refers
to and the time span for which it is valid.
Proposals for Policies and Procedures
can be prepared and formulated either by members of the
Executive Management Group, and/or by members of the
Government and Bylaws Committee, the Finance Committee, and
the Ethics Committee, and shall be agreed by the Board of
The Secretary is responsible for ongoing
handling the Archives of this Manual.
The Policies and Procedures Manual
shall be revised and amended as necessary, concerning its
contents and actuality, at the end of each administrative
period so lessons learned can be applied. It should then be
reviewed at the onset of each new administration upon the
initiative of the Secretary and the Executive.
ARTICLE XIV - AMENDMENTS
The Constitution and
bylaws may be amended at any general assembly meeting, and
decision according to Article VIII, provided that proper notice
of the meeting has been sent out, and that the proposed
amendments have been circulated to the membership more than four
weeks before the decision, and that other requirements in
Article VIII have been fulfilled.
ARTICLE XIII - LIQUIDATION
In the case of
liquidation of the IAGP, the remaining assets will be
transferred to a tax- exempt charitable organization with
INFORMATION AND QUESTIONS
Queries and comments about the above Constitution and By-Laws should
be sent to Marianne Wiktorin, Chair of the Governance and Bylaws